China best Precision Machining 1045 S45c Forged Drive Shaft for Sale

Product Description

Product Description

structural carbon steel :45# with details in under sheet :

Standard No. Alloy No. Chemical compositions(%)
C Cr Mn Ni P Si
GB/T699-1999 45# 0.42~0.50 ≤0.25 0.50~0.80 ≤0.25 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 0.17~0.37
Mechanical
Property
Tensile Strength(Mpa) Yeild Strength(Mpa) Elongation(%) Contraction of area Z(%)
≥600 ≥355 ≥16 ≥40

The correlation between properties and parameters-S45C (JIS)-SAE1045(Aisi)-SM45 of No. 45 steel(45 steel) was studied:
No. 45 steel is a carbon structural steel with 0.45% carboncontent. It is characterized by low price, good cutting performance, high hardness after quenching, good strength, toughness and wear resistance after quenching and temperingtreatment, is widely used in manufacturing structural partsand low-grade plastic mold. “45 steel” is a popular name, thesymbol is generally recorded as”45 #”. In fact GB standardsteel number is”45″, it is not a sequential number, read as”45steel” is not very accurate. Ingredient code 45 steels of similar designation are S45C (JIS) and 1045(Aisi) . In addition, ourcountry metallurgical technology standard has SM45 brandnumber to express the plastic mold use specially. Comparedwith 45 steel, SM45 has lower phosphorus and sulfur contentand better steel purity.

Standards YB/T 094 AISI JIS G4051
Alloy No. SM45 1045 S45C
C 0.42-0.48 0.43-0.50 0.42-0.48
Si 0.17-0.37   0.15-0.35
Mn 0.50-0.80 0.60-0.90 0.60-0.90
P <0.030 <0.030 <0.030
S <0.035 <0.035 <0.035

Recommended process specification for heat treatment andhardness: quenching temperature 820 – 860″ C, water-oroil-cooled, hardness 250 HRC. Recommended tempering pro-cess specifcation: tempering temperature is 500 – 560″ C, aircooling, hardness is 25 – 33HRC. Tempering in this temperature range is the tempering treatment, Quenching and tempering make the strength, plasticity and toughness of 45 steelget a good balance, the comprehensive performance is good,can adapt to the alternating load environment. After quench-ing and tempering, the surface hardness of 45 steel is low anddoes not wear well. So commonly used quenching and tempering + surface quenching to improve the surface hardnessof parts.

Tempering temperature After quenching Unit centigrade
200 300 400 500 550 600
Hardness
HRC
57 55 50 41 33 26 22

 

Mechanical properties (GB/T 699-1999)
Sample size mm 25
Heat treatments recommended Normalizing ºC 850
Quenching ºC 840
Tempering ºC 600
Mechanical properties Tensile strongth Mpa ≥600
Strong yield Mpa ≥355
Elongation Mpa ≥16
Section shrinkago Mpa ≥40
Impact Mpa ≥39
Hardness of delivery   HB ≤229
  HB ≤197

 

Main Products

 

 

 

Company Profile

ZheJiang Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Equipment Manufacturing Co, Ltd., located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, is a steel forging manufacturing enterprise specializing in the production of forged round steel, square steel, shaft forgings, ring forgings, cylinder forgings, and forging processing, heat treatment, mechanical processing, and finished parts processing. 0.75 tons to 30 tons of ingot steel can also be supplied. The company has a strong special steel supply channel as support, especially in the special steel forgings more resource advantages, products include “chromium-nick- el-molybdenum steel, bonded steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, spring steel, bearing steel, rolls and other series.”Our company can also ensure flaw detection at all levels according to customer requirements and provide quality certification documents.

Forging Equipment
The main equipment is 2000 tons of hydraulic press, ring rolling machine, 3 tons of forging hammer, 2 tons of forging hammer, 1 ton forging hammer, 750KG forging hammer, 30T heat treatment and temper- ing furnace, lathe, sawing machine and other more than 30 sets of equipment, which can produce

forgings weighing 20Kg-20000Kg. Products are not only widely used in domestic large locomotives, coal machines, petroleum machinery, shipbuilding and other industries, but also exported to Europe, South- east Asia, and other countries and regions, forging products using advanced production technology

“high-power electric CZPT (EF)furnace external refining (LF) vacuum degassing (VD) fast forging annealing (or normalizing) turning, Ensure chemical composition and mechanical property require-ments.

 

FAQ

 

  • What is the difference between forging and casting?

    Forging: It is the process of transforming a CZPT from 1 shape to another. Casting: It is the process of transforming a shapeless liquid metal into a CZPT with a shape. The so-called casting is the process of casting molten metal into a model to obtain a casting. The casting profession focuses on the metal melting process and the control of processes during the casting process. Forging is a plastic forming process in the CZPT state, which can be divided into hot processing and cold processing. Forgings include extrusion, drawing, roughening, punching, and so on. Casting is a CZPT liquid CZPT process, while forging is a CZPT to CZPT process where a CZPT can change its shape into another shape at high temperatures. There are still differences in the shape process and process of the two.

  • How to choose high-quality forgings?

    In the quality inspection of forgings, there are mainly external observation methods and internal inspection methods. The appearance method, as the name suggests, is to observe the appearance of the product, such as the shape, geometric dimensions, surface condition, etc. of the forging, in order to understand whether it meets the standards and whether there are external defects. Specifically, it is to check whether the external dimensions of the forging meet the specifications and whether there are defects on the surface, such as cracks, wrinkles, bubbles, indentations, pits, impurities, scratches, etc. on the surface of the forging. Internal testing mainly involves analyzing the chemical composition, macroscopic and microscopic structures, and mechanical properties of forgings. This inspection process requires the use of specialized instruments for high magnification inspection, with the aim of checking for any phenomena such as fractures and shrinkage within the forging, as well as defects such as dendrites and white spots, disordered flow lines, and throughflow. It also includes the tensile strength, ductility, hardness, plasticity, and heat resistance temperature of the forging.

  • What are the characteristics of the forging process for blank forgings?

    The forging process of circular forgings mainly consists of the following processes: pier roughening, elongation, punching, and expanding. The difference between free forging and ring rolling processes is mainly in the process of expanding holes. In the production of ring forgings, free forging is usually used to expand the hole with a horse screw, while ring rolling is mainly used to expand the hole with rolling.

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Processing Object: Metal
Molding Style: Forging
Molding Technics: Hot Forging
Application: Machinery Parts
Material: Steel
Heat Treatment: Tempering
Samples:
US$ 1100/Ton
1 Ton(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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How do manufacturers ensure the compatibility of drive shafts with different equipment?

Manufacturers employ various strategies and processes to ensure the compatibility of drive shafts with different equipment. Compatibility refers to the ability of a drive shaft to effectively integrate and function within a specific piece of equipment or machinery. Manufacturers take into account several factors to ensure compatibility, including dimensional requirements, torque capacity, operating conditions, and specific application needs. Here’s a detailed explanation of how manufacturers ensure the compatibility of drive shafts:

1. Application Analysis:

Manufacturers begin by conducting a thorough analysis of the intended application and equipment requirements. This analysis involves understanding the specific torque and speed demands, operating conditions (such as temperature, vibration levels, and environmental factors), and any unique characteristics or constraints of the equipment. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of the application, manufacturers can tailor the design and specifications of the drive shaft to ensure compatibility.

2. Customization and Design:

Manufacturers often offer customization options to adapt drive shafts to different equipment. This customization involves tailoring the dimensions, materials, joint configurations, and other parameters to match the specific requirements of the equipment. By working closely with the equipment manufacturer or end-user, manufacturers can design drive shafts that align with the equipment’s mechanical interfaces, mounting points, available space, and other constraints. Customization ensures that the drive shaft fits seamlessly into the equipment, promoting compatibility and optimal performance.

3. Torque and Power Capacity:

Drive shaft manufacturers carefully determine the torque and power capacity of their products to ensure compatibility with different equipment. They consider factors such as the maximum torque requirements of the equipment, the expected operating conditions, and the safety margins necessary to withstand transient loads. By engineering drive shafts with appropriate torque ratings and power capacities, manufacturers ensure that the shaft can handle the demands of the equipment without experiencing premature failure or performance issues.

4. Material Selection:

Manufacturers choose materials for drive shafts based on the specific needs of different equipment. Factors such as torque capacity, operating temperature, corrosion resistance, and weight requirements influence material selection. Drive shafts may be made from various materials, including steel, aluminum alloys, or specialized composites, to provide the necessary strength, durability, and performance characteristics. The selected materials ensure compatibility with the equipment’s operating conditions, load requirements, and other environmental factors.

5. Joint Configurations:

Drive shafts incorporate joint configurations, such as universal joints (U-joints) or constant velocity (CV) joints, to accommodate different equipment needs. Manufacturers select and design the appropriate joint configuration based on factors such as operating angles, misalignment tolerances, and the desired level of smooth power transmission. The choice of joint configuration ensures that the drive shaft can effectively transmit power and accommodate the range of motion required by the equipment, promoting compatibility and reliable operation.

6. Quality Control and Testing:

Manufacturers implement stringent quality control processes and testing procedures to verify the compatibility of drive shafts with different equipment. These processes involve conducting dimensional inspections, material testing, torque and stress analysis, and performance testing under simulated operating conditions. By subjecting drive shafts to rigorous quality control measures, manufacturers can ensure that they meet the required specifications and performance criteria, guaranteeing compatibility with the intended equipment.

7. Compliance with Standards:

Manufacturers ensure that their drive shafts comply with relevant industry standards and regulations. Compliance with standards, such as ISO (International Organization for Standardization) or specific industry standards, provides assurance of quality, safety, and compatibility. Adhering to these standards helps manufacturers meet the expectations and requirements of equipment manufacturers and end-users, ensuring that the drive shafts are compatible and can be seamlessly integrated into different equipment.

8. Collaboration and Feedback:

Manufacturers often collaborate closely with equipment manufacturers, OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers), or end-users to gather feedback and incorporate their specific requirements into the drive shaft design and manufacturing processes. This collaborative approach ensures that the drive shafts are compatible with the intended equipment and meet the expectations of the end-users. By actively seeking input and feedback, manufacturers can continuously improve their products’ compatibility and performance.

In summary, manufacturers ensure the compatibility of drive shafts with different equipment through a combination of application analysis, customization, torque and power capacity considerations, material selection, joint configurations, quality control and testing, compliance with standards, and collaboration with equipment manufacturers and end-users. These efforts enable manufacturers to design and produce drive shafts that seamlessly integrate with various equipment, ensuring optimal performance, reliability, and compatibility in different applications.

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How do drive shafts handle variations in load and vibration during operation?

Drive shafts are designed to handle variations in load and vibration during operation by employing various mechanisms and features. These mechanisms help ensure smooth power transmission, minimize vibrations, and maintain the structural integrity of the drive shaft. Here’s a detailed explanation of how drive shafts handle load and vibration variations:

1. Material Selection and Design:

Drive shafts are typically made from materials with high strength and stiffness, such as steel alloys or composite materials. The material selection and design take into account the anticipated loads and operating conditions of the application. By using appropriate materials and optimizing the design, drive shafts can withstand the expected variations in load without experiencing excessive deflection or deformation.

2. Torque Capacity:

Drive shafts are designed with a specific torque capacity that corresponds to the expected loads. The torque capacity takes into account factors such as the power output of the driving source and the torque requirements of the driven components. By selecting a drive shaft with sufficient torque capacity, variations in load can be accommodated without exceeding the drive shaft’s limits and risking failure or damage.

3. Dynamic Balancing:

During the manufacturing process, drive shafts can undergo dynamic balancing. Imbalances in the drive shaft can result in vibrations during operation. Through the balancing process, weights are strategically added or removed to ensure that the drive shaft spins evenly and minimizes vibrations. Dynamic balancing helps to mitigate the effects of load variations and reduces the potential for excessive vibrations in the drive shaft.

4. Dampers and Vibration Control:

Drive shafts can incorporate dampers or vibration control mechanisms to further minimize vibrations. These devices are typically designed to absorb or dissipate vibrations that may arise from load variations or other factors. Dampers can be in the form of torsional dampers, rubber isolators, or other vibration-absorbing elements strategically placed along the drive shaft. By managing and attenuating vibrations, drive shafts ensure smooth operation and enhance overall system performance.

5. CV Joints:

Constant Velocity (CV) joints are often used in drive shafts to accommodate variations in operating angles and to maintain a constant speed. CV joints allow the drive shaft to transmit power even when the driving and driven components are at different angles. By accommodating variations in operating angles, CV joints help minimize the impact of load variations and reduce potential vibrations that may arise from changes in the driveline geometry.

6. Lubrication and Maintenance:

Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are essential for drive shafts to handle load and vibration variations effectively. Lubrication helps reduce friction between moving parts, minimizing wear and heat generation. Regular maintenance, including inspection and lubrication of joints, ensures that the drive shaft remains in optimal condition, reducing the risk of failure or performance degradation due to load variations.

7. Structural Rigidity:

Drive shafts are designed to have sufficient structural rigidity to resist bending and torsional forces. This rigidity helps maintain the integrity of the drive shaft when subjected to load variations. By minimizing deflection and maintaining structural integrity, the drive shaft can effectively transmit power and handle variations in load without compromising performance or introducing excessive vibrations.

8. Control Systems and Feedback:

In some applications, drive shafts may be equipped with control systems that actively monitor and adjust parameters such as torque, speed, and vibration. These control systems use sensors and feedback mechanisms to detect variations in load or vibrations and make real-time adjustments to optimize performance. By actively managing load variations and vibrations, drive shafts can adapt to changing operating conditions and maintain smooth operation.

In summary, drive shafts handle variations in load and vibration during operation through careful material selection and design, torque capacity considerations, dynamic balancing, integration of dampers and vibration control mechanisms, utilization of CV joints, proper lubrication and maintenance, structural rigidity, and, in some cases, control systems and feedback mechanisms. By incorporating these features and mechanisms, drive shafts ensure reliable and efficient power transmission while minimizing the impact of load variations and vibrations on overall system performance.

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What benefits do drive shafts offer for different types of vehicles and equipment?

Drive shafts offer several benefits for different types of vehicles and equipment. They play a crucial role in power transmission and contribute to the overall performance, efficiency, and functionality of various systems. Here’s a detailed explanation of the benefits that drive shafts provide:

1. Efficient Power Transmission:

Drive shafts enable efficient power transmission from the engine or power source to the wheels or driven components. By connecting the engine or motor to the driven system, drive shafts efficiently transfer rotational power, allowing vehicles and equipment to perform their intended functions. This efficient power transmission ensures that the power generated by the engine is effectively utilized, optimizing the overall performance and productivity of the system.

2. Versatility:

Drive shafts offer versatility in their applications. They are used in various types of vehicles, including cars, trucks, motorcycles, and off-road vehicles. Additionally, drive shafts are employed in a wide range of equipment and machinery, such as agricultural machinery, construction equipment, industrial machinery, and marine vessels. The ability to adapt to different types of vehicles and equipment makes drive shafts a versatile component for power transmission.

3. Torque Handling:

Drive shafts are designed to handle high levels of torque. Torque is the rotational force generated by the engine or power source. Drive shafts are engineered to efficiently transmit this torque without excessive twisting or bending. By effectively handling torque, drive shafts ensure that the power generated by the engine is reliably transferred to the wheels or driven components, enabling vehicles and equipment to overcome resistance, such as heavy loads or challenging terrains.

4. Flexibility and Compensation:

Drive shafts provide flexibility and compensation for angular movement and misalignment. In vehicles, drive shafts accommodate the movement of the suspension system, allowing the wheels to move up and down independently. This flexibility ensures a constant power transfer even when the vehicle encounters uneven terrain. Similarly, in machinery, drive shafts compensate for misalignment between the engine or motor and the driven components, ensuring smooth power transmission and preventing excessive stress on the drivetrain.

5. Weight Reduction:

Drive shafts contribute to weight reduction in vehicles and equipment. Compared to other forms of power transmission, such as belt drives or chain drives, drive shafts are typically lighter in weight. This reduction in weight helps improve fuel efficiency in vehicles and reduces the overall weight of equipment, leading to enhanced maneuverability and increased payload capacity. Additionally, lighter drive shafts contribute to a better power-to-weight ratio, resulting in improved performance and acceleration.

6. Durability and Longevity:

Drive shafts are designed to be durable and long-lasting. They are constructed using materials such as steel or aluminum, which offer high strength and resistance to wear and fatigue. Drive shafts undergo rigorous testing and quality control measures to ensure their reliability and longevity. Proper maintenance, including lubrication and regular inspections, further enhances their durability. The robust construction and long lifespan of drive shafts contribute to the overall reliability and cost-effectiveness of vehicles and equipment.

7. Safety:

Drive shafts incorporate safety features to protect operators and bystanders. In vehicles, drive shafts are often enclosed within a protective tube or housing, preventing contact with moving parts and reducing the risk of injury in the event of a failure. Similarly, in machinery, safety shields or guards are commonly installed around exposed drive shafts to minimize the potential hazards associated with rotating components. These safety measures ensure the well-being of individuals operating or working in proximity to vehicles and equipment.

In summary, drive shafts offer several benefits for different types of vehicles and equipment. They enable efficient power transmission, provide versatility in various applications, handle torque effectively, offer flexibility and compensation, contribute to weight reduction, ensure durability and longevity, and incorporate safety features. By providing these advantages, drive shafts enhance the performance, efficiency, reliability, and safety of vehicles and equipment across a wide range of industries.

China best Precision Machining 1045 S45c Forged Drive Shaft for Sale  China best Precision Machining 1045 S45c Forged Drive Shaft for Sale
editor by CX 2024-02-03